The Banknotes of Xinjiang Banks, 1939-1950

 

Vladimir Belyaev, 10-Dec-05

Last update 18-Dec-08 [1]

 

In the below tables are collected data about paper notes issued by two Xinjiang banks in the period 1939-1950. Data were taken from the basic catalogues listed among references, and from the on-line database ZENO.RU [2]. Additional researches were done for identification of some persons whose signatures can be found on paper notes of that period.

 

Table 1. Officials names at banknotes of Xinjiang Banks, 1939-1950.

Person and language of signature

Signature

Person and language of signature

Signature

Zhang Hongyu (張宏輿)

General Manager of the Xinjiang Commercial and Industrial Bank, 1939-40

Zhang Hongyu

(en)

Zhang Hongyu

(cn)

Mao Zemin (毛澤民)

Head of the Financial Department of the Provincial Government of Xinjiang, 1939-40

Mao Zemin (en)

 

-

-

Peng Jiyuan (彭吉元)

Director of the Financial Department of the Provincial Government of Xinjiang, 1943

Peng Jiyuan

(en)

Peng Jiyuan

(cn)

Lu Yuwen (盧郁文)[3], 1945-46

Unkn. person

(en)

Unkn. person

(cn)

Janymkhan (贾尼木汗 )

member of the Provincial Government of Xinjiang, 1945-48 [4]

Janymkhan [5]

(Turkic)

 

Jianimuhan

(cn)

Bai Wenyu (白文昱)

Deputy Head of the Financial Department of the Provincial Government of Xinjiang, 1949 [6]

Bai Wen Yuh

(Turkic)

 

Bai Wenyu  (cn)

Xin Landing (辛蘭丁)

Member of the Peoples Government in 1949-1955, Deputy Chairman of the Peoples Government in 1955-1965 [7]

Shing Len Ting

(Turkic)

 

Xin Landing

 (cn)

 


Table 2. The list of banknotes of Xinjiang banks, 1939-1950.

Date

Left signature [8]

Right signature

Note

series

Face value

Smith

XN

Pick

Zeno

Xinjiang Commercial and Industrial Bank / Xinjiang Shang Ye Yin Hang

1939

Zhang Hongyu

Mao Zemin

SA, SC

1 fen

H123-1

592

S1743

24116

SC, SD

3 fen

H123-2

593

S1744

24117

SA

5 fen

H123-3

594

S1745

 

SC, SD, SI

1 jiao

H123-4 [9]

595

S1746

24115

SC

2 jiao

H123-5

 

S1747

32001[10]

Zhang Hongyu

SD, SE

596

 

Zhang Hongyu

SB, SG [11]

5 jiao

H123-6

 

S1748

24425[12]

Zhang Hongyu

SE

597

 

Zhang Hongyu

SA

1 yuan

H123-10

 

S1749

 

Zhang Hongyu

SD, SE

588

32002

Zhang Hongyu

-

3 yuan

H123-11

 

S1750

33671[13]

Zhang Hongyu

SA

589

 

Zhang Hongyu

-

5 yuan

H123-12

590

S1751

 

Zhang Hongyu

SB

 

32003

1940

Zhang Hongyu

-

10 yuan

H123-20

591

S1758

 

SA

 

63712

1939

(1943)

Peng Jiyuan

Peng Jiyuan

SC, SH

1 jiao

 

598

 

24426

SE, SF

2 jiao

 

599

 

2140

24114

SF

5 jiao

 

600

 

8369

21185

 

1 yuan

 

601

 

 

 

10 yuan

H123-13

 

S1752

 

AI, AX, AY

50 yuan

H123-14

605

S1753

8370

23608

AJ, AR

645, 646[14]

 

AO, BX, CH

100 yuan

H123-15

606

S1754

24290

BQ

644[15]

 

1940

(1943)

SC, SE

10 yuan

 

602

S1758

8366

24321

1943

 

1 yuan

H123-30

 

S1761

 

AA, AD

5 yuan

H123-31

603

S1762

33540

33667

AC, AD, AK, AM

10 yuan

H123-32

604

S1763

8367

33541

BG

 

33791[16]

1939

(1945?)

Lu Yuwen

Lu Yuwen

DK, DM, DN

100 yuan

 

 

 

8373

33670

1945

Lu Yuwen

Lu Yuwen

AB, AG, AM, HI

200 yuan

H123-40

 

S1765

8364

1945

Janymkhan

Janimuhan

BQ, GG, FC

 

607

 

8374

1946

Lu Yuwen

Lu Yuwen

EW

100 yuan

H123-50

 

S1768

5296

Janymkhan

Janimuhan

AK,AN, AZ, BN, BQ, BW, CG, CK

500 yuan

H123-51

608

S1769

8365

1947

AE, AF, AL, AN, AR, AS

2000 yuan

H123-60

609

S1771

8375

AH, AI, AV, BC, BQ

5000 yuan

H123-61

610

S1772

8376

AA

10 000 yuan

H123-62

611

S1773

 

BP, CC, CG

20 000 yuan

H123-63

612

S1774

8368

1948

AA, AC, AJ

100 000 yuan

H123-70

613

S1776

23605

AB, AE, AK

200 000 yuan

H123-71

614

S1777

23928

AA, AK, AO, AS

500 000 yuan

H123-72

615

S1778

8595

Xinjiang Provincial Bank / Xinjiang Sheng Yin Hang

1948

Janymkhan

Janimuhan

AE, AP?

1 000 000

Yuan

H125-1

616

 

23926

AC, AI, AL

3 000 000

Yuan

H125-2

617

 

8860

23927

AB, AC, AR, AO

6 000 000

Yuan

H125-3

618

 

8594

23925

 

10 000 000

Yuan

H125-4

 

 

 

1949

AF

30 000 000

Yuan

H125-10

619

 

 

AI, AJ, AP, AZ, BC

60 000 000

Yuan

H125-11

620

 

8371

23602

 

300 000 000

Yuan

H125-12

 

 

 

AD

600 000 000

Yuan

H125-13

621

 

 

AH

3 000 000 000

Yuan

H125-14

622

 

31509

AC, AF

6 000 000 000

Yuan

H125-15

623

 

31270

Xinjiang Provincial Bank

The last reform of Kuomindang

1949

Janymkhan

Janimuhan

AQ, AV, AW, AZ

1 fen

 

631

 

25375

AL

5 fen

H125-20

632

 

33534

AD, AF, AJ

1 jiao

H125-21

633

 

33535

AC, AH

2 jiao

H125-22

634

 

33539

AC, AD

5 jiao

 

635

 

33537

AA, AH, AJ

1 yuan

H125-30

636

 

33538

1949

Bai Wenyuh

Bai Wenyu

BB, BW

1 yuan

 

637

 

33661

1950

Shing Len Ting

Xin Landing

AC

5 yuan

 

638

 

 

AB, BC, BN

10 yuan

 

639

 

33666

HT, HU, IA, KA, KJ, KR, KT

 

640

S1806

24283

 


Table 3. Changes in the design of banknotes in 1939-1950

Face value

Xinjiang Commercial and Industrial Bank

Xinjiang Provincial Bank

First reform series

KMT took over Xinjiang.

Sun Yatsens portrait

1st series

Sun Yatsens portrait

2nd series

The last

reform

1 fen

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939 [17]

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

3 fen

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

 

5 fen

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

1 jiao

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

PJY/PJY

1943/1939

2 jiao

ZHY/MZM

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

PJY/PJY

1943/1939

5 jiao

ZHY/MZM

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

PJY/PJY

1943/1939

1 yuan

ZHY/MZM

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

PJY/PJY

1943/1939

1943/1943

BWY/BWY

1949/1949

3 yuan

ZHY/MZM

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

 

5 yuan

ZHY/MZM

ZHY/MZM

1939/1939

 

 

XLD/XLD

1950/1950

PJY/PJY

1943/1943

10 yuan

ZHY/MZM

1940/1940

 

 

XLD/XLD

1950/1950

2 types of the

design

PJY/PJY

1943/1939

1943/1940

1943/1943

50 yuan

PJY/PJY

1943/1939

 

 

 

100 yuan

PJY/PJY

1943/1939

 

 

 

X/X

1945?/1939

1946/1946

200 yuan

 

X/X

1945/1945

 

 

JT/JT

1945/1945

500 yuan

 

JT/JT

1946/1946

 

 

2000 yuan

 

JT/JT

1947/1947

 

 

5000 yuan

 

JT/JT

1947/1947

 

 

10 000 yuan

 

JT/JT

1947/1947

 

 

20 000 yuan

 

JT/JT

1947/1947

 

 

100 000 yuan

 

JT/JT

1948/1948

 

 

200 000 yuan

 

JT/JT

1948/1948

 

 

500 000 yuan

 

JT/JT

1948/1948

 

 

1 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1948/1948

 

3 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1948/1948

 

6 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1948/1948

 

10 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1948/1948

 

30 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

 

60 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

 

300 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

 

600 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

 

3 000 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

 

6 000 000 000 yuan

 

 

JT/JT

1949/1949

 

 

 

References:

  1. Smith - Smith, W.D., Matravers, B. Chinese Banknotes. Shirjieh Publishers. Menlo Park, California. 1970
  2. XN - Dong Qingxuan, Jiang Qixiang. Xinjiang Numismatics. Hong Kong 1991.
  3. Pick - Bruce, C.R., Shafer, N. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. 8th Edition. Vol.1. Specialized Issues. Krause Publications.
  4. Zeno on-line database http://zeno.ru.
  5. Benson, L. The Ili Rebellion. The Moslem Challenge to Chinese Authority in Xinjiang 1944-1949. London 1990.
  6. .. : (50- - 80- ).

 

Addendum

http://www.hurgokbayrak.com/yeni_sayfa_158.htm

Translation by Hüsnü Öztürk:

 

On 1950, 12th December Janymkhan Hojji (Canım Han Hacı) - one of the leaders of resistance - has been arrested and brought to Urumqi. His face was painted black, with enchained hands and foots and he has been taken for a walk on the streets while there was a label on the neck with inscription "The traitorous who has fighted against the communism". On 1951, 3rd February Janymkhan has been adjudicated in a court and the court gave him a death sentence, and then he was executed under the eyes of thousands people.

 

 



[1] Last additions to the table 2 are marked with red font.

[2] Thanks to ONLY LINDA, Vladimir Nastich, Vladimir Suchy, Zhang Xinhua, Sergey Shevtcov for cooperation.

[3] Thanks to Erwin Beyer for information.

[4] Kazakh nationality, in Russian name is written as . Benson, 1990 listed him in her Table 13 Mesut Sabri's Administration: Minister of Finance - Janimhan Tilevbayoglu (Kazak), Vice-Minister - Bai Wenyu. Syroezhkin: note 2, chapter 2, lists Janymkhan, member of the Provincial Government. His signature can be found on notes in the period of 1945-1949. His life ended tragically (see Addendum).  

[5] Turkic (Uyghur) signatures reading by Dr. V. Nastich.

[6] In the XN, p.173 Bai Wenyu is named as revolted KMT deputy head of the Financial Department of the Provincial Government of Xinjiang.

[7] Syroezhkin in the Addendum 5-3 The ruling elite of Xinjiang mentions Xin Lanting, member of the Peoples Government in 1949-1955 and Deputy Chairman of the Peoples Government in 1955-1965. Uyghur signature at the note is read as Shing Len Ting. However, the last word in his Chinese name is transcribed as Ding in pinyin.

[8] Signatures language is designated by the color: blue English, green Chinese, magenta Turkic (Uyghur).

[9] Numbers in the columns Smith and Pick marked with bold means existence of illustration in the catalogue.

[10] Newly found varieties, unlisted in Smith, XN and Pick, are marked with bold-blue Zeno numbers.

[11] It is not defined what note has series number SG - for CN or EN version.

[12] ZENO #24425 has reverse signatures in a red color (not black).

[13] Mentioned but not shown in XN.

[14] ## XN645 and XN646 are notes of the type #XN605 accordingly with the red circular and blue elliptical seals on the reverse.

[15] # XN644 is a note # XN606 with the red circular seal on the reverse; text of the seal Uyghur.

[16] With the blue elliptical seal in Russian on the reverse (The Financial Department).

[17] Abbreviations for officials names on notes: ZHY Zhang Hongyu, MZM Mao Zemin, PJY Peng Jiyuan, X unknown person, JT Janymkhan Tileubayogly, BWY Bai Wenyu, XLD Xin Landing. Two dates separated by slash designates Date of the emission / Face date.